Roof Framing

Roof Framing

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Roof framing is one of those carpenter skills that appears quite complicated, and indeed, some roof designs are difficult. The roof framing is the structure that supports your roof. In order to do roof framing properly, it is important to understand the unique shape and dimensions of your roof, since these will greatly impact the geometry of the roof frame.

Common roof framing elements

Barge board

Barge boards are found on homes with a gabled roof. Their function is similar to that of a fascia board – however it runs parallel to the rafters, on an angle at the skillion end of a gable.


lashing on a roof refers to the metal pieces that are used to divert water from places where it might collect, such as hips and valleys. Flashing can be made from a variety of materials. You can use a galvanized flashing, a galvanized alloy, copper, lead coated copper or stainless steel.

Ridge beam

Ridge beams are long, rectangular, rigid pieces of wood, metal or stone which are placed horizontally along the ridge of the roof


A truss is a piece of framework using triangular shapes. Roof trusses are generally fabricated offsite, reducing price and speeding up the construction of your roof frame. Roof trusses provide support for the roof deck, the framing and counteract wind load.

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